The English Republican Exiles in Europe during the Restoration (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020).

The Restoration of the Stuart monarchy in 1660 changed the lives of English republicans for good. Despite the Declaration of Breda, where Charles II promised to forgive those who had acted against his father and the monarchy during the Civil War and Interregnum, opponents of the Stuart regime felt unsafe, and many were actively persecuted. Nevertheless, their ideas lived on in the political underground of England and in the exile networks they created abroad. While much of the historiography of English republicanism has focused on the British Isles and the legacy of the English Revolution in the American colonies, this study traces the lives, ideas and networks of three seventeenth-century English republicans who left England for the European continent after the Restoration. Based on sources from a range of English and continental European archives, Gaby Mahlberg explores the lived experiences of these three exiles – Edmund Ludlow in Switzerland, Henry Neville in Italy, and Algernon Sidney – for a truly transnational perspective on early modern English republicanism. (Download flyer.)


Reviews of The English Republican Exiles:

‘It is a major strength of the … book that it is structured as an analysis of exile, rather than of republicanism, or as three part-biographies. Successive chapters explore the challenges of expatriatism, the support networks available, spurs and impediments to political engagement, and a complicated emotional landscape embracing rejection of, anger at, and longings for home…. This is a sophisticated, deeply informed and cosmopolitan report on seventeenth-century history which reveals its subjects to have been, not citizens of nowhere, but natives of one country, inhabitants of several, and citizens of the world.’

Jonathan Scott, The Seventeenth Century 36 (2021), pp. 356-9.

‘by extending her remit beyond Britain and the American colonies, and refocusing our attention on the devotional aspects of post-civil war republicanism, she makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the physical, mental and intellectual worlds inhabited by exiles such as Sidney, Ludlow and Neville. … What Mahlberg’s study shows is the importance of transnational, intercontinental networks for the survival and dissemination of heterodox ideas, and she demonstrates that these networks helped mitigate against an “experience of defeat” for the exiled republicans—rather, instead, a patient and intellectually fertile experience of waiting for their time to come again.’ 

Matthew Jenkinson, The English Historical Review (Dec 2021, available online.

‘Das ansprechend geschriebene Buch setzt den Trend der britischen Geschichtsschreibung der letzten Jahre fort, englische bzw. britische Geschichte aus ihrer insularen Verengung und/oder atlantischen Ausrichtung zu lösen und sie stattdessen stärker mit kontinentaleuropäischen Entwicklungen zu verknüpfen. Dies schließt die politischen und vor allem die religiös-konfessionellen Verhältnisse ein, die von der Autorin überzeugend in den Blick genommen werden. Das Werk eröffnet daher spannende Einblicke in die Mischverhältnisse zwischen Religion und Politik, exemplifiziert anhand der Lebenswelten dreier faszinierender Persönlichkeiten.’

Alexander Schunka, sehepunkte 22 (2022), Nr. 12 [15.12.2022].

Das auf breiter archivalischer Grundlage vielfältige Einblicke vermittelnde Buch verknüpft die Geschichte politischer Ideen einerseits mit Aspekten der Migrations- und Verflechtungsgeschichte, andererseits verweist es auf die Bedeutung konfessioneller Netzwerke und Beziehungen, gerade dies ein Aspekt, der in der klassischen Ideengeschichte Cambridger Prägung vielfach übersehen wird. Der englische Republikanismus der zweiten Hälfte des 17.Jahrhunderts wird damit aus einem immer noch vorherrschenden Anglozentrismus herausgelöst und in seine europäisch transnationalen Bezüge gestellt.

Ulrich Niggemann, Historische Zeitschrift, 316 (2023).



Henry Neville and English Republican Culture in the Seventeenth Century: Dreaming of Another Game (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009).


Reviews of Henry Neville and English Republican Culture:

‘… this is a highly skilled and very effective doctoral thesis, in an original area of scholarship, which will be of interest to scholars working in the field of Harringtonian political thought and the genesis of English republicanism.’

John Callow, History, 95 (2010), pp. 380-2.

‘This is an important, well-researched, and lucidly written work that not only adds greatly to our knowledge of Neville but also contributes significantly to ongoing debates about republicanism, civic humanism, patriarchalism and anti-patriarchalism, and neo-Harringtonian thinking, among much else.’

Johann Sommerville, Journal of British Studies, 50 (2011), pp. 484-5.


‘Based on thorough research and a close analysis of all Neville’s writings (and others attributed to him), this book at once becomes the standard guide and essential point of reference.’

Bernard Capp, English Historical Review, 521 (2011), pp. 942-3.


Patriarchal Moments

Edited Volumes

Cesare Cuttica/Gaby Mahlberg (eds), Patriarchal Moments (Bloomsbury Academic, 2016).


‘The really good thing about these books (i.e. Patriarchal Moments and Feminist Moments) is that I have been arguing with them ever since I read them, and anything that creates that much intellectual commotion provides a good start for an analytical conversation.’



Dirk Wiemann/Gaby Mahlberg (eds), Perspectives on English Revolutionary Republicanism (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014).



‘This volume offers refinements rather than breakthroughs. But the refinements are significant: the level of scholarship is generally high and at times outstanding, as attested by the volume’s comprehensive bibliography.’

Feisal G. Mohamed, Renaissance Quarterly, 68:3 (2015), pp. 1085-1087.


‘Readers of this stimulating collection will find plenty of food for thought, especially in its welcome exploration of religion’s place in republican thinking.’

Bernard Capp, English Historical Review, 131: 549 (2016), pp. 452-4.


Gaby Mahlberg/ Dirk Wiemann (eds), European Contexts for English Republicanism (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013).


‘Gaby Mahlberg and Dirk Wiemann’s excellent collection of essays, European Contexts for English Republicanism, is a much-needed, groundbreaking work. … the very issue of Continental translations and under-studied circulation of English language texts and people is an issue that historians of the Republic of Letters still need to come to grips with. European Contexts for English Republicanism is paving the way for future work in this area.’

Vittoria Feola, Sixteenth Century Journal, XLV/4 (2014), pp. 1024-25.


‘Collectively, the essays in this volume highlight the complexity in untangling the threads of English republicanism as it wove its way through two centuries of continental thought, and in doing so very clearly demonstrate the benefits of a collaborative, interdisciplinary approach.’

Victoria Anker, The Seventeenth Century (2014). 


‘Against a historiography which has stressed that any exchange of republican ideas was confined to England and its colonies in North America, shaping the American Constitution, the contributors to this collection convincincly demonstrate the interchange of political ideas between England and the Continent during the 17th and 18th centuries.’

Jutta Schwarzkopf, Journal for the Study of British Cultures, vol. 20, no. 2 (2013), pp. 191-5.


‘In der Tat liefert der Sammelband neue Impulse, Ansätze und Knotenpunkte, von denen aus weiterführende Untersuchungen der „European Contexts for English Republicanism“ vorgenommen werden können. Der fruchtbare Mehrwert des Werkes besteht gerade darin, dieses vor allem interdisziplinäre Forschungspotential dargelegt und exemplarisch angestoßen zu haben.’

Nina Schweisthal, in: H-Soz-u-Kult, 13.05.2014, <>.


‘… for now the collection of thought-provoking essays contained herein make European Contexts for English Republicanism essential reading for students of English republicanism and of early-modern political thought more broadly.’

Matthew Johnson, in: History of European Ideas (2014).


‘Neben den enthaltenen, allerdings teils speziellen Ergebnissen, liegt die Leistung des Bandes darin, konkrete Perspektiven für die weitere Erforschung der europäischen Verflechtungen und Wirkung republikanischer Denker zu eröffnen. Besonders die Ansatzpunkte, die die Vorstellung des Wansleben-Manuskripts liefert, haben das Potential, die ideengeschichtliche Landkarte Europas seit dem späten 17. Jahrhundert merklich zu modifizieren.’

Sebastian Meurer, in: Francia-Recensio (2014).


Journal Articles

‘Among friends and enemies: An English republican in Swiss exile and his Huguenot circles’, Huguenot Society Journal (forthcoming).

‘Reading and translating Algernon Sidney’s Discourses in early modern Germany’, History of European Ideas (2021), available online.

‘Machiavelli, Neville and the seventeenth-century discourse on priestcraft’, Intellectual History Review, 28:1 (2018), pp. 79-99.

‘The English Republican Exiles in Europe’, Philosophical Enquiries. Revue des philosophies Anglophones, 8 (2017), pp. 35-59. (available online)

‘Citizenship and exile: English republicanism in a transnational context’, Revue Française de Civilisation Britannique, xx:1 (2016). (available online)

Les Juges Jugez, se Justifians (1663) and Edmund Ludlow’s protestant network in seventeenth-century Switzerland’, Historical Journal, 57 (2014), pp. 369-396.

‘Authors Losing Control: The European Transformations of Henry Neville’s The Isle of Pines (1668),’ Book History, 15 (2012), pp. 1-15.

‘The republican discourse on religious liberty during the Exclusion Crisis’, History of European Ideas, 38 (2012).

‘Henry Neville and the Toleration of Catholics during the Exclusion Crisis’, Historical Research83:222 (2010), pp. 617-34.

‘Neo-Harringtonianism and A Letter Sent to General Monk (1660) revisited’, The Seventeenth Century, 24:2 (2009), pp. 305-322.

With Peter Stillman and Nat Hardy, ‘The Isle of Pines Special Issue,’ Utopian Studies, 17.1 (2006).


Book Chapters

‘Toland’s Milton, the Acta Eruditorum and the reception of English republican ideas in the German Enlightenment’, in: Jeffrey Alan Miller and Esther van Raamsdonk (eds), Precarious Milton: Literature, History, and the Future of a Field in Crisis (Penn University Press: Philadelphia, forthcoming).

‘Rights of Asylum, in: Andrew Fitzmaurice and Rachel Hammersley (eds), Early Modern Rights (c.1500-1700) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).

‘Wansleben reads Harrington: Wansleben, the Harrington Manuscript, and English Republicanism’, in: Asaph Ben-Tov, Jan Loop and Martin Mulsow (eds), Ludolf und Wansleben – Orientalistik, Politik und Geschichte zwischen Gotha und Afrika 1650-1700 (Brill: Leiden, forthcoming).

‘A Parliament of Women and the Exclusion Crisis’, in: Cesare Cuttica/ Markku Peltonen (eds), Democracy and Anti-Democracy in Early Modern England 1603-1689 (Brill: Leiden, 2019).

‘Charles Stuart as office-holder: On regicides and monarchical republicans’, in: Anette Pankratz/ Claus-Ulrich Viol (eds), (Un)Making the Monarchy (Heidelberg : Winter, 2017).

‘Le républicanisme anglais et le mythe de l’anticatholicisme’, in: Guillaume Marche/ Nathalie Caron (eds), La politisation du religieux en modernité (Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2015), pp. 1-14.

‘Contexto histórico y político de The Isle of Pines. El marco biográfico’, in: Lucas Margarit y Elina Montes (eds), Textos utópicos en la Inglaterra del siglo XVII, 2 vols (Buenos Aires : Saberes, 2014), vol. i, pp. 55-68.

‘Wansleben’s Harrington, or “The Fundations & Modell of a Perfect Commonwealth”’, in: Gaby Mahlberg/ Dirk Wiemann (eds), European Contexts for English Republicanism (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013).


‘An island with potential: Henry Neville’s The Isle of Pines (1668)’, in: J.C. Davis/ Miguel A. Ramiro, Utopian Moments: Micro-Historical Approaches to Modern Literary Utopias (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2012), pp. 60-66.

‘Patriarchalism and the monarchical republicans’, in: C. Cuttica and G. Burgess (eds), Monarchism and Absolutism in Early Modern Europe (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2012).


‘Author-Politicians and Political Authors: The Example of Henry Neville (1619-94),’ in:  Joachim Frenk/ Lena Steveker, Anglistentag 2010, Saarbrücken, Proceedings [= Proceedings of the Conference of the German Association of University Teachers of English, xxxii] (Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, 2011), pp. 247-254.

‘”All the conscientious and honest papists”: Exile and Belief Formation of an English Republican: Henry Neville (1619-94),’ in: Barbara Schaff (ed.), Exiles, Emigrés and Intermediaries: AngloItalian Cultural Transactions (Rodopi: Amsterdam/ New York, 2010).

‘Republicanism as anti-patriarchalism in Henry Neville’s The Isle of Pines (1668),’ in: J. Scott/ J. Morrow (eds.), Liberty, Authority, Formality (Imprint Academic, 2008).

‘A Parliament of Ladies und die Öffentlichkeit des Privaten: politischer Diskurs im England des 17. Jahrhunderts,’ in: Offen und Verborgen: Vorstellungen und Praktiken des Öffentlichen und Privaten in Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit, eds. Caroline Emmelius et al. (Göttingen, 2004), pp. 229-47.



‘HENRY NEVILLE. The Isle of Pines and Plato Redivivus, ed. David Womersley. Carmel: Liberty Fund, 2021. Pp. lvi + 489. $24; $14.50 (paper)’, The Scriblerian and the Kit-Cats (forthcoming).

The state of nature: histories of an idea, edited by Mark Somos and Anne Peters, Leiden and Boston, Brill, 2022, xii + 428pp., €123.00, $148.00 (hardback), ISBN: 9789004395176, European Review of History (available online).

‘Invisible Agents: Women and Espionage in Seventeenth-Century Britain. By Nadine Akkerman. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018/2020. Pp. xii+264. $26.95 (cloth); $16.95 (paper); $9.99 (e-book), Journal of Modern History, 94:3 (2022), pp. 692-3.

The Rule of Manhood: Tyranny, Gender, and Classical Republicanism in England, 1603-1660 by Jamie A. Gianoutsos, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2021, xii + 426 pp., £75.00 (hardback), ISBN 9781108478830’, The Seventeenth Century, 36:5 (2021), pp. 858-60.

‘Matthew Hale on the Law of Nature, Reason, and Common Law: Selected Jurisprudential Writings, ed. Gerald J. Postema. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, ISBN 9780199234929, £50.’ Archives 54.1 (2019), pp. 98-100.

‘Writing Conscience and the Nation in Revolutionary England, by Giuseppina Iacono Lobo (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2017; pp. 256. $56.25).’, English Historical Review, 134: 567 (2019), pp. 1-2.

‘Marco Barducci, Hugo Grotius and the Century of Revolution 1613-1718: Transnational Reception in English Political Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 224pp.’ Grotiana, 39 (2018), pp. 137-151.

Women Writing the English Republic, 1625-1681. Katharine Gillespie. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017, ISBN: 9781107149120; 362pp.; Price: £74.99’, Reviews in History, Review 2197 (November, 2017)

‘Quentin Skinner and Martin van Gelderen (eds), Freedom and the Construction of Europe, 2 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 411 + 405 pages, £100 (2 vol set), ISBN 978-1-107-03184-5, hbk.’, European History Quarterly, 45:3 (2015), pp. 596-600.

‘God’s Instruments: Political Conduct in the England of Oliver Cromwell, Blair Worden, 2012, Oxford: Oxford University Press, xi + 421 pp., ISBN 978-0-19-957049-2’, Bunyan Studies, 18 (2014), pp. 148-52.

‘The Isle of Pines, 1668: Henry Neville’s Uncertain Utopia, John Scheckter, 2011, Farnham: Ashgate, xvii + 222 pp., ISBN 9781409435846 (hbk)/ 9781409435853’, Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700, 37:1 (2013), pp. 87-9.

‘Gender and the English Revolution, Ann Hughes, 2012, London and New York: Routledge, viii + 181pp., £21.99. ISBN 978-0-415-21491-9’, Women’s History Review, 22:3 (2013), pp. 516-8.

‘Political Biblicism and the Coming of Civil War,’ History of European Ideas, 38 (2012), pp. 307-11. 

M. Nevitt, Women and the Pamphlet Culture of Revolutionary England, 1640-1660, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2006, pp. 218. hb. £45, ISBN: 0754641155, The Seventeenth Century, 22 (2007), pp. 190-2.



‘German historians and the English Revolution,’ in: M. Caricchio, G. Tarantino, eds. Cromohs Virtual Seminars. Recent historiographical trends of the British Studies (17th-18th Centuries), 2006-2007: 1-4.

Two entries for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography on Lady Anne Townshend (1573-1622), and Lady Katherine Paston (1578-1629), c 650 words each. (2005).

‘The Politics of Patriarchalism in C17th-Century Pamphlet Literature,’ Women’s History Magazine, 46 (2004), pp. 4-9.



‘Hilary Mantels Abschied von einem genialen Strategen’, Schwäbische Zeitung, 23/06/2020.

with Laura Almanza, ‘”Dieser weite Weg” – Isabel Allende: Habe viel Mitgefühl mit Flüchtlingen’, Märkische Oderzeitung, 01/11/2019.

with Christina Horsten, ‘Trauer um berühmte Katze: “Grumpy Cat” ist tot’, Südwest Presse, 19/05/2019.

with Kate Bartlett, ‘Afro-Look statt blonder Mähne: Neue Puppen für Kinder in Afrika’, Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung, 18/05/2019.

‘Jude, Christ, Gelehrter: Camilleri «Jagd nach einem Schatten»’, Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung, 22/08/2018.

with Christina Horsten, ‘US-Fußballstar Hope Solo: Blatter hat mich begrapscht’, Südwest Presse, 11/11/2017.

‘Von Heiden und Katholiken’, Ruhr Nachrichten, 29/08/2017.

with Silvia Kusidlo, ‘Theresa May – eine Frau steht sich selbst im Weg’, Neue Presse, 21/06/2017.

with Jacqueline Rother, ‘Die Queen ist der Fels in der Brandung’, Mittelbayerische, 18/06/2017.

with Silvia Kusidlo, ‘Opfer und Helden in London’, Grenzecho, 05/06/2017.

‘Der Terror kehrt zurück nach London’, Frankfurter Neue Presse, 04/06/2017.

with Silvia Kusidlo, ‘Manchester: «Ein riesiger Blitz, ein Knall und Rauch»’, Walsroder Zeitung, 23/05/2017.

‘Eco sieht in die Zukunft und beschwört das Alte’, Volksstimme, 14/2/2107.

with Deepak Adhikari, ‘Kindgöttin außer Dienst’, Schweriner Volkszeitung, 03/02/2017.

with Rosmery Cueva Sáenz, ‘Jenseits der Gipfelwelt: Die «Verschwundenen» von Peru’, Amerikawoche, 17/11/2016.

‘Zwei Weltkriege, eine Weltmeisterschaft und ein möglicher Brexit’,, 21/06/2016.

with Peer Meinert, ‘Politicians around the world congratulate London’s first Muslim mayor’, dpa International, 07/05/2016.

Utopia wird 500: Vom humanistischen Text zum Kultbuch der Sozialisten’, MuensterlandZeitung, 25/01/2016.

‘De África a América: millones de personas huyen de la guerra y la pobreza’, El Mundo, 17/06/2015.

‘Debatte über islamistischen Einfluss an britischen Privatschulen’, KNA, 24/11/2014.

‘Ein Lernparadies mit hohem Preis’, duz Magazin, 03/14, 21 February 2014.

‘Reise des Papstes ist “fast ein bisschen britisch”, KNA, 19/09/2010.

‘Dunkle Wolken über der Insel’, KNA, 25/05/2009.

‘Unsanctioned’, eurotopics, 2/2009.

‘The search for sense’, eurotopics, 11/2008.

‘The Colosseum is full of holes’, dpa, 09/08/2007.

‘A new EU constitution – matter of the right packaging?’, dpa, 12/05/2007.

‘”Wir nehmen auch Euro”‘, dpa, 20/06/2004.

‘Deutsche Wissenschaftler wandern ab’, dpa, 17/06/2004.


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